The prospect is no less than the success of high-speed rail China's third-generation nuclear power technology in "going to sea"
the prospect is no less than the success of high-speed rail China's third-generation nuclear power technology in "going to sea"
China Construction Machinery Information
although Chinese enterprises have been temporarily frustrated by the "indefinite suspension" of Mexico's high-speed rail project, the East is not bright, the west is bright, and high-speed rail has been frustrated by nuclear power compensation. Compared with the "going to sea" of high-speed rail, the rising star of nuclear power attracts attention. Recently, China and Argentina signed the agreement on cooperation in the construction of pressurized water reactor nuclear power plants in Argentina. Among them, Argentina needs to invest US $5.8 billion in the No. 4 nuclear power plant and US $7 billion in the No. 5 nuclear power plant, totaling US $12.8 billion. The signing of the agreement marks the first successful "sail out" of China's independent third-generation nuclear power technology
promising export prospects
compared with nuclear power, the biggest obstacle to the "going to sea" of high-speed rail is that its investment is huge, but as a public welfare project, it is difficult to have any return. As long as it does not lose, it is lucky. Judging from the situation in China, it has not been widely used in China. Although the occupancy rate of high-speed rail is good, only threeorfour high-speed rail lines can maintain profits, and the rest are in a state of loss to varying degrees. The high investment and low return public welfare characteristics of high-speed rail determine that high-speed rail projects in any country must be weighed repeatedly and carefully. It is not surprising that the bidding results of Mexico's high-speed rail have been withdrawn and "Shelved indefinitely". All walks of life in the United States doubt whether there will be enough passenger flow to ensure the recovery of huge funds once the United States, which is sparsely populated, has embarked on the high-speed rail project, which is an important reason why the California high-speed rail project has been delayed for a long time. Therefore, as a "niche" high-end market, there are few countries that can "consume" high-speed rail, and the international market of high-speed rail is not large, so we can't hold unrealistic high hopes for it
in contrast, whether it is a large country, a small country, a poor country or a rich country, there may be no high-speed rail, but there must be no electricity. Therefore, although small countries and poor countries do not need or cannot afford high-speed rail, they may sign a big bill for nuclear power. For example, at the end of 2009, South Korea won a large order to build four nuclear reactors in the United Arab Emirates. The contract is worth about $20billion. In addition, Korean companies are expected to earn another $20billion by jointly operating nuclear reactors. The president's office of South Korea said that the project is the largest project in South Korea's history and has also caused great international shock
so far, except for Argentina, the only importer of China's nuclear power technology is Pakistan. As a typical developing country, it is also a relatively poor country. Although Pakistan can't afford China's high-speed rail, it can afford China's nuclear power. At present, the total installed capacity of nuclear power cooperation between China and Pakistan is 3.4 million KW. Then countries that are richer and more developed than Pakistan can afford China's nuclear power. In fact, Britain and Romania have initially decided to introduce Chinese nuclear power technology
China's "new business card"
there are many more countries interested in China's nuclear power technology and interested in introducing it than China's high-speed rail. This means that the international nuclear power market is a "mass" market, which is much larger than the "niche" high-speed rail market, from which China's nuclear power can fully take a share
recently, the news about China's high-speed rail "going to sea" has become the focus of social and media attention. However, there are also many good news about China's nuclear power "going to sea". China's nuclear power export prospects are brighter than high-speed rail, and the export significance is no less than high-speed rail
nuclear power, like high-speed rail, has become China's "new business card". On June 19, 2014, China and the UK issued a joint statement on relevant cooperation. The joint statement mentioned that the Sino British double all aluminum body pure electric bus will be provided by Shanghai Shenwo Bus Co., Ltd. and will cooperate in nuclear power and other fields
on December 26, 2014, China, Romania and the Czech Republic signed cooperation documents on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy respectively, and reached a consensus with Hungary on cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. The most noteworthy is the cooperation between China and Romania in nuclear power. The "negotiating committee" of the Romanian government's nuclear power project has announced that CGNPC has become the "Ultimate Investor" in Romania's universal experimental machine as the reborn child of the experimental machine industry, mania chernaward nuclear power plant unit 3 and unit 4 project
break through the "shirt for aircraft" mode
from the perspective of economic returns, large-scale projects such as nuclear power and high-speed rail involve at least a billion dollars, and at most tens of billions of dollars. Their huge returns are labor-intensive electronic universal experimental machines below 30t, which have more advantages than the export of cheap consumer goods. The most popular saying is that exporting a nuclear power plant is equivalent to exporting 1million Santana cars. This statement has become the most powerful annotation of nuclear power going global
back more than ten years ago, China, which was backward in technology at that time, could only exchange the "shirt for plane" mode for the high-end products we urgently needed. At that time, a popular saying was "800 million shirts for a large Airbus". With the rise of China's major equipment, China has a new choice, which is no longer limited to the "shirt for aircraft" mode. As one of the four member countries of Airbus, Britain is responsible for the R & D and manufacturing of Airbus aircraft engines and other important components. Airbus aircraft imported from China are equipped with aircraft engines made in Britain. China exports nuclear power technology and equipment to the UK and imports (indirectly) aeroengines from the UK, which may also be called the new model of "nuclear power for aviation". In other words, in the field of major equipment, China can exchange with other major countries to exchange what they need. This exchange is an equal and equivalent exchange, and at least China will not suffer losses. Not only that, we can also exchange the required agricultural products with the "nuclear power for beef" mode to meet the huge needs of the growing population and the rapid urbanization process for agricultural products
of course, the common feature of exchange modes such as "nuclear power for aviation", "nuclear power for beef" and "shirt for aircraft" foreign trade mode is that it is not a direct barter exchange of two types of products, but a product trading exchange with foreign exchange as the medium