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Prospects and trends of the robot industry: deep integration with artificial intelligence

original title: prospects and trends of the robot industry: deep integration with artificial intelligence

exhibitors showed a bionic robot imitating bats at the 2018 World robot conference. Photo by Zhao Jing of our newspaper

the left picture shows that a robot that can write calligraphy attracted many spectators at the 2018 World robot conference. The right picture shows the service skills of domestic service robots to the audience. According to Zhao Jing of our newspaper, at present, the strength and wear resistance are added through appropriate heat treatment processes (quenching and tempering, carburizing and quenching, etc.) Sometimes, special steel is inlaid at the jaw, or steel sand is sprayed on the jaw surface New technologies represented by Internet, big data and artificial intelligence have accelerated the integration with the manufacturing industry, promoting the development of intelligent manufacturing. The emergence of a large number of new technologies and products of robots has become an important driving force for the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, which not only provides an important breakthrough for the development of advanced manufacturing industry, but also provides a strong support for improving people's lives

then, what is the prospect of the robot industry at present and what are the development trends in the future? At the 2018 World robot conference, robot experts from all over the world viewed the market and talked about the future

rapid industrial development

since the first industrial robot came out in the United States in 1959, robots have been widely used in all walks of life, constantly integrating and profoundly changing people's lives. In the field of equipment manufacturing, the manipulator is replacing the workers' hands with its strong load-bearing capacity and accurate grasping operation; In the field of logistics, intelligent storage robots and unmanned carrier vehicles (AGV) continue to improve transportation efficiency; In the field of life services, household cleaning robots and service robots are becoming private nannies and secretaries equipped by many families... "According to the statistical analysis of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the scale of the global robot industry has exceeded US $25billion in 2017, an increase of more than 20%, and it is expected to reach US $30billion in 2018." Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that China's robot industry has also shown a rapid growth trend in recent years. In 2017, the market size reached nearly $7billion, of which the output of industrial robots exceeded 130000

"in 2017, the growth rate of the overall scale of China's robot industry reached a new high, with an average growth rate of nearly 60% in the past five years." As for the market situation of robots in China in 2017, Qu Daokui, President of Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., analyzed that from the perspective of robot types, the sales volume of multi joint robots increased by 35.5% in 2017, becoming the domestic model with the largest annual sales volume for the first time. Because multi joint robots have high requirements for control degree and accuracy, the rapid growth of their sales has also promoted the improvement of the quality of robots in China to a certain extent

in terms of application industry, the purchase volume of electronic and electrical equipment and equipment manufacturing industry and automobile manufacturing industry increased by 62.6% and 61.1% year-on-year respectively. "However, these industries mainly buy robots with foreign brands, and the market share of domestic brands is very low. It can be seen that there is still a large gap between domestic robots and foreign countries in the field of high-end applications." Qu Daokui pointed out that the application of domestic robots has involved 39 industry categories and 110 industry categories of the national economy, which also shows that China has a strong market demand for the robot industry

"looking at the global industrial robot market, from 2011 to 2016, the compound growth rate reached 12%. The main application fields are handling materials and welding, the main application industries are automobile and electronic manufacturing, and the main application areas are China." At the 2018 World robotics conference, Jeff Bernstein, President of the American Robotics Industry Association, couldn't help but lament the rapid rise of China's robot market

in the U.S. market, in the first half of 2018, robot orders in the automotive industry decreased by 66% year-on-year, while robot sales in other industries increased by 55% year-on-year. "At present, the automotive industry is still the main contributor to the growth of the robot market. In order to maintain a good development momentum in this market, we must continue to expand its application fields and strive to make it available and affordable to more small and medium-sized enterprises and industries." Jeff Bernstein said

opportunities and challenges coexist

in the face of such a broad industry prospect, domestic and foreign robot enterprises will certainly not miss the development opportunity. As a leading enterprise in robotics in China, Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd. has focused on a new generation of robots in recent years. "We believe that robots have entered the era of 2.0, and the most important sign is that the indicators to measure the performance of the company's plan to launch 3D sprint 2.5 this week have changed from the past equipment speed, accuracy, load and reliability to whether robots have the ability to make independent decisions, movement and interaction." Qu Daokui believes that the new performance also puts forward higher requirements for the technology research and development ability of enterprises

from dual arm cooperative robots with high flexibility, autonomous obstacle avoidance, rapid configuration and other characteristics to snake arm robots with high degrees of freedom; From the compound robot that uses augmented reality technology to realize human-computer harmonious interaction to the mobile robot that uses artificial intelligence technology such as navigation control algorithm to perform together with dancers... Xinsong company has always seized the opportunity with technological innovation. "At present, the development trend of robots is not limited to the field of industrial manufacturing. By combining with artificial intelligence, IOT, big data and other technologies, robots have already entered various industries such as art and literature." Qu Daokui said

liuqingfeng, chairman of iFLYTEK, feels the same about the deep integration of robots and artificial intelligence. He believes that robots should not only have stable hardware and good appearance, but also have front-end interaction ability and background decision-making ability

"our research found that robots can learn through massive data, and more than 90% of professionals can translate, play chess and other skills, but their autonomous reasoning ability is not even as good as that of 6-year-old children." In Liu Qingfeng's view, the core of the third wave of artificial intelligence is to use more new algorithms represented by deep neural networks to enable machines to understand, think, learn and make decisions, so as to support robots to better and faster enter all aspects of social life, such as the car hub project of Taiwan 6 and the group

"although the robot industry has developed rapidly, we still face many challenges." Miao Wei believed that China should continue to make breakthroughs in core technologies, application fields, laws and regulations, and make a combination of punches

Karel elut, senior global managing partner of McKinsey, believes that the main challenge facing Chinese robot enterprises is that most of their products are concentrated in the low-end market, and sometimes they are unable to produce complex robots. In addition, China holds less than 1% of industrial robot patents, and intellectual property rights in this field are relatively scarce

build a global industrial cooperation ecosystem

with the acceleration of the process of globalization, it is impossible for any country or industry to be "alone". Building a global ecological chain in line with the concept of mutual benefit and win-win has become a broad consensus in the entire robot industry

"we have always adhered to open cooperation and are committed to working with all countries to jointly build a new ecosystem of global industrial cooperation." Xinguobin, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that most of the world's famous robot and key parts enterprises, such as ABB group and KUKA robot Co., Ltd., have invested and established factories and R & D and production bases in China; Komatsu is preparing to build R & D centers in the European Union, North America and Japan; Qingdao Baojia automation equipment Co., Ltd. and bueryue Co., Ltd. jointly build the robot application research institute to carry out the in-depth development and customized design of industrial robots and integrated systems... A series of international exchanges and collaborative cooperation, such as technology research, standard formulation, achievement transformation, talent training, are advancing in an orderly manner

"the combination of robot and artificial intelligence must rely on industrial ecology." Liu Qingfeng said that the future of artificial intelligence needs greater openness and cooperation. On the one hand, a single deep learning algorithm has been difficult to meet the application of artificial intelligence in the robot field. "Artificial intelligence + robot" requires close cooperation between entrepreneurs and scientists with professional knowledge; On the other hand, in addition to the innovation and cooperation of source technology, countries should also have more exchanges on ethics, humanities, law and other related systems to build a more sound social security system and legal system

Qu Daokui said that while building a good external development environment, the autonomous adaptability of robots to the environment, that is, "flexible intelligence", also needs to be further improved. Through the continuous integration with new technologies, the robot ecosystem has changed, and technical adjustments and breakthroughs must be made accordingly, so that robots can have better performance, higher intelligence and broader development space

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